Sanitation and Water Access for Pakistan’s Afghan Refugees — By Shayaan Subzwari — Introduction In 1979, the Soviet Union launched its invasion of Afghanistan, sowing seeds of conflict in the nation and bringing chaos, destruction, and disorder with it. Although the disastrous Soviet invasion would come to a close in just under a decade, the war in Afghanistan wouldn’t see a similar end. Instead, the country has been embroiled in perpetual conflict ever since.  In
Journal
Paani COVID-19 Response: Pakistan Populations at Risk — By Amer Ghali, Buraq Oral, and Shabber Syed— Migrant Workers in the Arab Gulf  As news of the pandemic’s intensification spread, many of the world’s governments began scrambling to repatriate their citizens in a bid to avoid the complications of having them stranded overseas amid a widespread cancellation of travel services or worse yet, risk having them be exposed to the virus in a foreign land where
Journal, Paani COVID-19 Response: Pakistan
Paani COVID-19 Response: Pakistan -Community Impact- — By Rubba Al-Kafaji, Suhayb Ali and Jaynab Akhtar— Introduction The Islamic Republic of Pakistan hosts a predominantly Muslim population (96%) [1], and is home to hundreds of mosques, some of which are regarded as among the largest in the world. Pakistan is a country defined by its religious identity, and the effects of COVID-19 are felt on a congregational level. As the government encourages preventive measures, the presence
Journal, Paani COVID-19 Response: Pakistan
Paani COVID-19 Response: Pakistan — Environment — — By Zubaeer Akhtar, Maryam Haltam, Amber Hashmi and Fatima Khan— Introduction Environmental issues in Pakistan have been disturbing the balance between economic development and environmental protection. With the rise of the novel COVID-19 viral pandemic, governmental priorities have been necessarily realigned in order to minimize possible catastrophe. Nevertheless, the Ministry of Environment continues to take responsibility to protect and conserve the environment. The World Health Organization discloses
Journal, Paani COVID-19 Response: Pakistan
Paani COVID-19 Response: Pakistan Healthcare Infrastructure and Government Preparedness — By Naquia Unwala and Ibrahim Haidar — Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic threatens to overwhelm much of the world’s vulnerable populations as it exacerbates and exposes underlying weaknesses in global health systems. Pakistan, the fifth most populous country in the world, is at an acute risk to the pandemic given the pre-existing challenges to its health system and overall population health status. A 2017 World Health
Journal, Paani COVID-19 Response: Pakistan